Fire in New Mexico & Dust From South Africa

The Hazard Map image above shows that there is an increased concentration of smoke in the Eastern portion of New Mexico.

The NRL/Monterey Aerosol image above shows that there is an increased level of Smoke Surface Concentration in the same region of New Mexico circled in the red circle. In its highest concentration, the Smoke Surface concentration reaches over 512 ug/m**3. INCIWEB reports that in this region the Club Fire has burned over 15 thousand acres. Currently, the fire is 5 percent contained and was started by lightning.

The NASA Worldview image shows an increased concentration of AOD coming off the coast of South Africa.

The NRL/Monterey Aerosol image above shows an increased Dust Surface Concentration originating from South Africa. In its highest concentration within South Africa, the Dust Surface Concentration reaches between 5120- 1280 ug/m**3 (Dark Orange).

Increased Level of Ozone Around Los Angeles & Fire in Eastern Nevada

The AirNow Map image above shows that there is an increased level of ozone around Los Angeles. In its most concentrated region, the AQI reaches Unhealthy levels, (Red, 151-200).

The NRL/Monterey Aerosol image above shows that around Los Angeles there is an increased level of sulfates. Around Los Angeles, the Sulfate Surface Concentration reaches 2-4 ug/m**3 (Light Blue). Sulfates and Ozone often have similar precursors that help for their formation such as increased car exhaust due to traffic.

The Hazard Map image above shows that there is an increased concentration of smoke in Eastern Nevada.

The NOAA Aerosol Watch image above supports this claim as there an increased level of AODs in the same region as shown is the dark red. INCIWEB reports that in that same region there is the Meadow Valley Fire. The fire has burned over 54,000 acres and 35 percent contained.

Particulate Matter on Eastern Half of US & Fire in Nevada

The AirNow Map image above shows that there was a wide concentration of particulate matter across the Eastern half of the United States. The states of Missouri and Illinois have a large area covered in Moderate AQI, (Yellow 51-100).

The NRL/Monterey Aerosol image above shows that across the Eastern portion of the United States there is an increase in the smoke surface concentration. In Virginia, the smoke surface concentration reaches 64-128 ug/m**3.

The Hazard Map image above shows that there an increased level of smoke concentration in the Western portion of Nevada.

The NOAA Aerosol Watch image above supports the claim of increased smoke coming from Eastern Nevada. INCIWEB reports that in this region is the Numbers Fire. The fire has burned over 18,000 acres and is only 5 percent contained.

Fire near San Francisco & Next Wave of Sahara Dust

The Hazard Map image above shows that there is an increased level of smoke originating from above the San Francisco Area.

The AirNow Map image above shows that in the same region as the increased concentration of smoke the AQI in part of that region was moderate (Yellow, 51-100).

The NASA Worldview image above shows that there is a large concentration of dust on the eastern coast of Africa.

The NRL/Monterey Aerosol image above supports this claim as it shows that this dust is starting to cross over the Atlantic Ocean towards the Caribbean Sea. Over the Atlantic Ocean, a large concentration of this dust has a concentration of 80-160 ug/m**3.

Increased Particulate Matter Around Los Angeles & Saharan Dust Traveling towards United States

The NASA Worldview image above shows an increased level of AODs above the Caribbean region.

The NRL/Monterey Aerosol image above shows that the Dust Surface concentration is slowly traveling upward towards the United States. Over Texas and Florida, the Dust Surface concentration reaches 20-40 ug/m**3.

The Aerosol Watch image above shows that there is an increased AOD concentration around Los Angeles.

The AirNow Map image above shows that there is an increased level of PM 2.5 around Los Angeles. In the highest concentration, the AQI in that region reaches an Unhealthy level (Red, 151-200).

Smoke in Florida and Russia

The NOAA’s Hazard Mapping System Fire and Smoke Product image above shows that there is an increased level of smoke above the state of Florida.

The Global Fire Watch image above shows that there is an increased level of fires taking place in the center of Florida.

The NASA Worldview image above shows there is an increased level of AODs above Eastern Russia.

The NRL/Monterey Aerosol image above shows that there is an increased concentration of smoke above the Eastern Russian region. Large portions of smoke surface concentration reach above 256 ug/m**3.

Fires in Guatemala & Arizona

The Hazard Map image above shows that there is an increased concentration of smoke coming from South-East Arizona.

The NRL/Monterey Aerosol image above shows an increased smoke concentration in the same region of Arizona as the Hazard Map image from above. In the most concentrated region, the smoke surface concentration reaches greater than 512 ug/m**3 (in dark purple within the red circle.) INCIWEB reports that in this region is the Bighorn Fire which has burned over 114 thousand acres.  The cause of the fire was lightning and is 45 percent contained.

The Hazard Map image above shows that there is an increased concentration of smoke originating from Guatemala. This concentration is especially concentrated as a large portion of the smoke is red.

The NASA FIRMS Map image above shows that there is an increased number of fires within Guatemala.  NASA reports that the fire has burned approximately 450 sq kilometers and has affected the states Jalapa and Peten the most.

An In Depth Look into Historic Saharan Dust Plume

The latest Saharan Dust storm that has crossed the Atlantic Ocean has transported dust that reaches historic proportions. Dr. Olga Mayol of the Institute for Tropical Ecosystem Studies at the University of Puerto Rico has stated that this plume has dropped the highest dust concentrations of dust in Puerto Rico in the last 15 years. The tweet from Maria T Vincens shows just how thick the dust has been in Puerto Rico, to the point of severely limiting visibility.

The NASA Worldview video above shows the sand traveling across the Atlantic Ocean over the course of over a week.

The World Air Map image above shows that in Pointe-à-Pitre there were increased levels of AQI. The maximum AQI was on Tuesday the 23rd in which the AQI reached 213. This AQI was extreme to the point that almost all long-term outdoor activity could be harmful to an individual’s health.

A massive dust cloud from the Sahara Desert is poised to spread over the U.S. Gulf Coast the next few days.

NOAA has reported that this dust plume, now nicknamed “Godzilla,” is around 2 miles thick within the atmosphere. There is so much dust that has been carried over that it is predicted that some of the dust will also affect the United States as well. The effects will be seen as more colorful sunsets and a small layer of dust on objects outside.

 

Multiple Sources of Fire in New Mexico and Arizona & Increased Particulate Matter in Lower Quebec

The Hazard Map image above shows that there are multiple sources of smoke across New Mexico and Arizona.

In the NRL/Monterey Aerosol image above shows that there is an increased concentration of surface smoke concentration in the same region as the Hazard Map image above. The maximum concentration reaches more than 512 ug/m**3. INCIWEB reports that this may be due to multiple fires such as the Bush Fire, Bringham Fire, and the Bighorn Fire.

The AirNow Map image above shows that there is a high concentration of particulate matter in southern Quebec. The most concentrated region reaches an AQI of 151-200 (shown in Red.)

The Aerosol Watch image above shows that in the same region is an increased amount of Particulate matter (shown by the red dot.)

 

Higher Levels of Ozone along the Mississippi River & Tracking Dust Coming From the Sahara Desert

The AirNow Map image above shows that there is an increased level of ozone along the Mississippi River. It increases to Unhealthy levels in Illinois.

The Windy image above shows that in this region is an increased level of heat. While heat does not correlate to an increased level of surface ozone, the two are found in the same region. Loretta J. Mickley, a Senior Research Fellow in Chemistry-Climate Interactions at Harvard University, “Ozone production accelerates at high temperatures, and emissions of the natural components of ozone increase. High temperatures are also accompanied by weak winds, causing the atmosphere to stagnate. So the air just cooks and ozone levels can build up.”

The NASA Worldview image above shows that there is an increased level of dust being transported off of the Western side of the Sahara Desert.

The NRL/Monterey Aerosol image above shows that much of the concentration of this dust has reached levels of 180-320 ug/m**3 (shown in dark green).  Off of the coast Africa, much of the concentration reach 640-1280 ug/m**3 (shown in yellow).