Brian Carroll


Brian Carroll (Ph.D. Student in Atmospheric Physics)


Education History:

M.S., Atmospheric Physics, University of Maryland Baltimore County

B.S., Physics, University of Maryland Baltimore County

Research Areas:

Lidar, Planetary boundary layer, Low-level jets, Mixing layer height retrievals, Stability, Air quality, Remote sensing

Brian has a wide range of experience with a variety of lidar systems and their applications. Starting from a background in Doppler lidar systems and basic wind retrievals, he is now applying the technology to mixed layer height retrievals as well as boundary layer events from the Plains Elevated Convection at Night (PECAN) field campaign ( Brian has also been involved in numerous other meteorology and air quality campaigns, participating in all steps from mission planning to deployment and scientific analysis.

One major goal of PECAN was to improve understanding of low-level jets (LLJs). Brian has used PECAN’s diverse suite of remote sensing and in situ instruments to study LLJ interactions with the boundary layer from a wind, stability, and turbulence profiling perspective. He is now expanding on this work to investigate observations of mesoscale moisture transport, comparing against model output from the Rapid Refresh (RAP) model analysis and Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model forecasts. Past activities include working with lidar groups at NOAA ESRL and NASA GSFC, Raman lidar operations, and performing dual-Doppler lidar measurements.


Carroll, B. J., Demoz, B. B., & Delgado, R. (2019). An Overview of Low‐Level Jet Winds and Corresponding Mixed Layer Depths During PECAN. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres.

Bonin, T. A., Carroll, B. J., Hardesty, R. M., Brewer, W. A., Hajny, K., Salmon, O. E., & Shepson, P. B. (2018). Doppler Lidar Observations of the Mixing Height in Indianapolis Using an Automated Composite Fuzzy Logic Approach, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 35(3), 473-490.

Selected Presentations

Carroll, B.J., B.B. Demoz, R. Delgado. Lidar Observations versus Forecast of Water Vapor Transport. 29th International Lidar Conference, Hefei, China, June 2019. 

    • Awarded NASA travel grant to present at conference

Carroll, B. J., B. B. Demoz, R. Delgado, Zhifeng Yang. Boundary Layer Structure and Low-level Jets during PECAN. American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting, Austin TX, January 2018.

    • Awarded 2nd place in student poster competition

Carroll, B. J., B. B. Demoz, T. A. Bonin, R. Delgado. Mixed Layer Depths via Doppler Lidar during Low-level Jet Events. 28th International Lidar Conference, Bucharest, Romania, June 2017.

    • Awarded NASA travel grant to present at conference.

Carroll, B., Choukulkar, A., Delgado, R., et al. Dual-Doppler Lidar Wind Profiling in The Lidar Uncertainty Measurement Experiment (LUMEX). 7th NOAA Educational Partnership Program Meeting, University of Maryland Eastern Shore, November 2014.

    • Awarded best graduate student poster in category