Increased Levels of Dust Concentration Over Atlantic Ocean & China

The NASA Worldview image above shows an increased concentration of dust crossing over the Atlantic Ocean.

The NRL/Monterey Aerosol image above supports this claim as there is an increased dust concentration in a similar region. The maximum concentration of dust reaches between 5120-2560 ug/m**3.

The NASA Worldview image shows an increased level of dust in the Western region of China.

The NRL/Monterey Aerosol image above supports this claim as there are two dust concentrations within China. The maximum concentration of the western dust concentration reaches between2560-1280 ug/m**3.

Smoke from California Moving East

The NOAA Hazard Mapping System Fire and Smoke Product shows an increased concentration of smoke originating from California moving eastward.

The NOAA Aerosol Watch image above supports this claim as there is an increased concentration of AODs moving eastward in the same formation as the NOAA Hazard Mapping System Fire and Smoke Product image above.

The AirNow Map image above shows smoke in California is increaseing the AQI in California as the AQI within central California reaches a Very Unhealthy level, (201-300, Purple.)

 

Increased Level of Ozone in Maryland

The AirNow Map image above shows an increased level of AQI due to an ozone. The AQI in most of Maryland reaches a moderate level (51-100, Yellow)

 

The CAMS image above supports this claim as there is an increased concentration of nitrous dioxide in Maryland as well. Nirtous Dioxide and Ozone have similar precursors so an increase in one often shows the increase in the other. Lidar/Ceiliometer data observations from multiple sites shows a concentration of ozone that is localized around the 2000-4000 meter area.

Ceilometer sites showing smoke aloft today:

Washington D.C.

Essex, MD

UMBC, MD

Update on West Coast Fires

Left: 09/22/2020 

Right: 09/08/2020

The two NOAA Aerosol Watch images show a distinct differnce in AOD levels on the West Coast. The left image shows a high level of AODs in small parts of the West Coast especially California and Oregon where as the right image shows a severe level of AODs covering all of the West Coast.

 

09/22/2020

09/10/2020

The NOAA Hazard Mapping System Fire and Smoke Product images above support this claim as on September 22nd there is a moderate level of smoke concentration originating in certain regions of California. However, on the 10th of September there is a heavy level of smoke concentration that is traveling Westward across the Pacific Ocean. In addition, this heavy level of smoke concentration covers the whole west coast.

 

Left: 09/22/2020

Right: 09/08/2020

Finally, the AirNow Map image above shows that currently there is only one region of the West Cost that has a Very Unhealthy AQI (Purple, 201-300) whereas on September 8th there are multiple parts that reaches a Hazardous AQI (Maroon, 301-500).

Fires from Canada Drifts Southward across United States

The NOAA Hazard Mapping System Fire and Smoke Product image above shows that there is an increased concentration of smoke originating from Canada drifting southward in an S like manner.

The NOAA Aerosol Watch image above supports this claim as there is an increased concentration of AODs in a diagonal pattern above the United States.

The Canadian Fire Danger Map above shows an increased level of fire risk in the same areas as where the smoke is in the NOAA Hazard Mapping System Fire and Smoke Product image above.

The smoke from Canada had drifted above Konza Prarie, Kansas as shown by the ceilometer data above. The smoke is concentrated from the 1000-3000 meter region above the surface.

 

Increased Level of Smoke in Canada Traveling South

The NOAA Hazard Mapping System Fire and Smoke Product image above shows that there is an increased concentration of smoke from Canada drifting downward.

The AirNow Map image above also supports this claim as the AQI within the central United States has reached a moderate level (Yellow, 51-100).

The Canada Hotspot Map shows that there are multiple hot spots in the lower central region of Canada. These hotspots could be possible areas that the smoke is originating from.

Lidar/Ceilometer data from Konza Prarie, Kansas shows that this smoke has drifted southward above Kansas. There is a smoke concentration that is contained within the 2000-3000 km range.

Smoke Concentration from Western Wildfires moving Northward & Tropical Storms in the Gulf

The NOAA Hazard Mapping System Fire and Smoke Produce image above heavy smoke concentration from wildfires originating in the Western region of the United States is taking a path upward towards Canada before drifting diagonally southward towards Kansas. Lidar/ceilometer observations show that there is a smoke that is contained between 0-4 km. In these sites, the air quality is decreased as shown by the Airnow Map image below. The PM 2.5 levels reach between a moderate and Unhealthy Level (51-200 AQI).

Ceilometer sites showing smoke aloft today:

INDIANAPOLIS, IN

KONZA PRAIRIE, KS

    

SQUAMISH, BC, CANADA

In the Atlantic, there are multiple storms that are strengthening. The National Hurricane Center image below shows that there are three storms growing in which from left to right; Beta, Teddy, and Wilfred. Teddy is currently already at hurricane strength while Beta and Wilfred are at Tropical Storm strength.

The NASA Worldview image below shows satellite imagery of the storms.

Smoke From Western Wildfires Continues to Stay Over Eastern U.S.

For the third day in a row, lidar/ceilometer observations continue to show smoke which originated from the western U.S. wildfires. The smoke is traveling at a height of around 3-4 km and is not impacting the surface air quality measurements. The NOAA Hazard Mapping System Fire and Smoke Product image above shows a heavy smoke from the western wildfire has continued to travel over the eastern shore and well into the Atlantic Ocean.

Ceilometer sites showing smoke aloft today:

Arendtsville, PA (#PADEP)

Blacksburg, VA

Bristol, PA

City College of New York, NY

Essex, MD

Konza Prairie, KS

Moose Hill, NH

University of Maryland, Baltimore County

 

Hazy Skies in the Eastern U.S. due to Western U.S. Wildfire Smoke

Lidar/ceilometer observations from multiple sites continue to show the presence of the western U.S. wildfire smoke. Smoke is confined to heights at 3-10km and not impacting the surface air quality measurements, as the PM2.5 Air Quality Index (AQI) is Good and shown in the Airnow.gov Particulate Matter (PM) AQI animation below.

Ceilometer sites showing smoke aloft this morning:

Arendtsville, PA (#PADEP)

Bristol, PA

City College of New York, NY

Edgewood, MD

Essex, MD

Indianapolis, IN

Londonderry, NH

Philadelphia, PA

Providence, RI

Richmond, VA

UMBC (Catonsville, MD)

Washington DC

 

 

California Wildfire Smoke Captured by Ceilometer Network Stations

Smoke from the California wildfires is visible in the NOAA GOES-16 image below.

This smoke plume is confined at heights between 4-10 km, as shown in lidar/ceilometer timeseries, in multiple sites in the East Coast. The ceilometer network is a multi-agency effort with the participation of over 15 state air quality management agencies (and growing), U.S. EPA, NASA, Environment and Climate Change Canada, NOAA and academia (https://alg.umbc.edu/ceilometer-network) led by the University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC) Atmospheric Lidar Group. NOAA Cooperative Science Centers (Office of Education/Educational Partnership Program) are part of this initiative, in particular the Center of Earth Science Systems and Remote Sensing Technology (CESSRST, cessrst.org) and the NOAA Center for Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology (NCAS_M, ncas-m.org), which UMBC is a partner institution.

Washington DC Dept. of Energy and Environment

UMBC (Catonsville, MD)

Pennsylvania Dept. of Environmental Protection (Arendtsville, PA)

UMBC/PADEP (Bristol, PA)

Philadelphia Dept. of Public Health

Rhode Island Dept. of Environmental Management (Providence, RI)

New Hampshire Dept. of Environmental Services (Londonderry, NH)